Urethritis and Cystitis are both lower urinary tract infections which usually occur concurrently.
- Holding urine for too long
- Inadequate fluid intake
- Women who have frequent sexual activity (As female urethra is short and close to vagina and anus, there is a higher risk for bacteria to enter the urinary tract system during sex).
- Diabetes mellitus
- Congenital abnormality of the urinary system (Uncommon).
- Soreness or pain over lower abdomen
- Frequent urination
- Painful or burning urination
- Feeling of incomplete emptying of bladder
- Mid-stream urine for culture and sensitivities
To identify the pathogen in urine and suggest effective antibiotics
Allow direct visualization of urethra and bladder which helps to differentiate between structural and functional problems.
- CT Urogram
An imaging exam used to evaluate the urinary tract, tumors or stones.
- Antibiotic therapy
(Complete a course of Antibiotics as instructed by doctor)
- If no fluid restriction, should have 1.5-2L fluid intake per day
- Wipe perineum from front to back
- Can take cranberry juice or food which is rich in vitamin C